• Disability Definitions
    The  listing of the 14 eligibility categories is intended to provide general assistance. The regulatory language for can be found online: http://www.eed.state.ak.us/tls/sped/ or contact Sitka School District Special Education Department at 966-1253.
     

    Cognitive Impairment (CI) - (AKA Intellectual Disability- ID)

    1. Score 2 or more SDs below national norm on individual intelligence test,

    2. Exhibit deficits in adaptive behavior,

    3. Require special facilities, equipment, or methods,

    4. Diagnosed as CI by psychiatrist or psychologist, to include a school psychologist and

    5. Certified by IEP Team as qualifying for and needing special education services.

     

    Specific Learning Disability (SLD)

    1. Disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written,

    2. Limited academic achievement for his/her age and ability levels in one or more areas,

    3. LD observation and written report done after referral,

    4. Require special facilities, equipment, or methods, and

    5. Certified by IEP Team as qualifying for and needing special education services.

     

    Emotional Disturbance (ED)

    1. Exhibit one more ED characteristic that adversely affects educational performance,

    2. Require special facilities, equipment or methods,

    3. Diagnosed as ED by psychiatrist or psychologist, to include a school psychologist and

    4. Certified by IEP Team as qualifying for and needing special education services.

     

    Deafness (D)

    1. Exhibit a hearing impairment that hinders ability to process linguistic information with or without amplification,

    2. Require special facilities, equipment, or methods,

    3. Diagnosed as deaf by physician or audiologist, and

    4. Certified by IEP Team as qualifying for and needing special education services.

     

    Hearing Impairment (HI)

    1. Exhibit a hearing impairment (permanent or fluctuating) that adversely affects educational performance,

    2. Require special facilities, equipment, or methods,

    3. Diagnosed hard of hearing by physician/ audiologist, and

    4. Certified by IEP Team as qualifying for and needing special education services.

     

    Deaf-Blindness (DB)

    1. Exhibit concomitant hearing and visual impairment,

    2. Require special facilities, equipment, or methods,

    3. Diagnosed as deaf and blind by an optometrist or ophthalmologist and by a physician or audiologist as deaf/blind, and

    4. Certified by IEP Team as qualifying for and needing special education services.

     

    Orthopedic Impairment (OI)

    1. Exhibit severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects educational performance,

    2. Require special facilities, equipment or methods,

    3. Diagnosed orthopedically impaired by physician, and

    4. Certified by IEP Team as qualifying for and needing special education services.

     

    Visual Impairment (VI)

    1. Exhibit a visual impairment 20/70 or poorer in the better eye with correction or a visual field restriction of 20 degrees determined by an optometrist/ophthalmologist which adversely affects educational performance, or a physical eye condition that affects visual functioning to the extent specially designed instruction is needed,

    2. Require special facilities, equipment, or methods, and

    3. Certified by IEP Team as qualifying for and needing special education services, including a certified teacher of VI.

     

    Speech or Language Impairment (SI)

    1. Exhibit a communication disorder that adversely affects educational performance,

    2. Require special facilities, equipment, or methods,

    3. Diagnosed speech impaired by physician or SLP, and

    4. Certified by IEP Team as qualifying for and needing special education services.

     
    Other Health Impairment (OHI)

    1. Exhibit limited strength, vitality or alertness due to chronic or acute health problem that adversely affects educational performance,

    2. Require special facilities, equipment or methods,

    3. Diagnosed by a physician, and

    4. Certified by IEP Team as qualifying for and needing special education services.

     

    Multiple Disabilities (MD)

    1. Exhibit two or more impairments causing severe educational problems,

    2. Require special facilities, equipment, or methods,

    3. Diagnosed for each disability (from the categories listed here does not include Deaf-Blind), and

    4. Certified by IEP Team as qualifying for and needing special education services.

     

    Early Childhood Developmental Delay (ECDD)

    1. 3 through 8 years old,

    2. Two SDs below mean or 25% delayed in age equivalency in cognitive development, fine and gross motor, speech and language development, social/emotional development, or self-help skills OR 1.7 SDs below the mean or 20% delayed in age equivalency in 2 or more of the areas, and

    3. Certified by IEP Team as a child with early childhood developmental delays.

     

    Autism (AUT)

    1. Exhibit a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction that adversely affects educational performance,

    2. Require special facilities, equipment or methods,

    3. Diagnosed by a psychiatrist or other physician, an authorized advanced nurse practitioner or a psychologist, to include a school psychologist, and

    4. Certified by IEP Team as qualifying for and needing special education services.

     

    Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

    1. Exhibit  an  injury to  the brain  by external  physical  force  what  results  in  total  or partial functional  disability  or  psychosocial  impairment or  both  that  adversely  affects  educational performance,

    2. Impairment in one or more areas: cognition, language, memory, attention, more,

    3. Not have brain injuries that are congenital, degenerative, or induced by birth trauma,

    4. Require special facilities, equipment, or methods,

    5. Diagnosed by a physician, and

    6. Certified by IEP Team as qualifying for and needing special education services.